Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Page: 1-17
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof – The Fundamental Flaw in the Spectral Analysis of Gravity Wells
Conrad Ranzan, DSSU Research, Astrophysics Department, Niagara Falls, Canada
Received: Dec. 14, 2017;       Accepted: Dec. 29, 2017;       Published: Jan. 30, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.20180601.11      View  2046      Downloads  58
Abstract
The Sachs-Wolfe Effect, a popular wavelength modifying hypothesis involving galaxy clusters and cosmic voids, is based on the belief that a propagating photon gains energy (is blueshifted) during its descent into a gravity well and loses energy (is redshifted) during the ascent as it escapes from the gravity well. A straightforward proof exposes the underlying flaw ---a flaw that extends to the spectral analysis of gravity wells, and hills, in general. The argument is based on three undeniable properties; no reputable physicist refutes these. (1) The photon is not a point-like particle; the particle of light is an extended entity. (2) The three dimensional space of the Universe is not a region of nothingness. (3) Gravity’s influence on photons involves altering the propagation direction and changes to the wavelength. Remarkable agreement with observational evidence is presented. The logic of the arguments and the supporting evidence lead to truly profound implications for cosmology: The expanding-universe hypothesis is untenable. It turns out, we live in a Dynamic Steady State Universe.
Keywords
Sachs-Wolfe, Photon Propagation, Cosmic Redshift, Velocity-Differential Redshift, Gravity Well, Space Medium, Cellular Cosmology, DSSU Theory
To cite this article
Conrad Ranzan, Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof – The Fundamental Flaw in the Spectral Analysis of Gravity Wells, International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijass.20180601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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